A PhD in mathematics is an invaluable qualification in many sectors, but particularly academia. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, mathematicians and statisticians will see a 33% growth in jobs from 2020 to 2030, especially with the growing need for data and cybersecurity professionals.

Mathematics PhD programs equip you with the advanced skills and knowledge you need to progress to the highest levels of the field.

**Best PhD in Mathematics Programs**

**Stanford University, School of Humanities & Sciences**

Stanford is a renowned Ivy League university known for its high-quality programs in several areas, including mathematics. Its faculty includes eminent figures in the field, and the school features a dedicated mathematics research center on campus. Students must pass two exams, one in algebra and the other in real analysis, by the second year to remain in the program. Progressing students are fully funded for five years.

**Courses**: Multivariable calculus, linear algebra, and applied matrix theory.**Duration**: 5 years**Delivery**: On-campus**Tuition**: Refer tuition page**Financial aid**: Teaching/research assistantships and fellowships**Acceptance rate:**5.2%**Location**: Stanford, California

**Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences**

Harvard’s Department of Mathematics is one of the world’s most acclaimed centers for research and education in pure mathematics. You’ll need to complete four courses for each term of your PhD, though there are no compulsory courses. As one of the most impressive mathematics doctoral programs, this PhD emphasizes the love of the subject for its own sake, curiosity, creative ability, and the research process.

**Courses**: Advanced real analysis, commutative algebra, and geometry & complexity theory.**Credits**: 16 half-courses**Duration**: 2-5 years**Delivery**: On-campus**Tuition**: Refer tuition page**Financial aid**: Grants and fellowships**Acceptance rate:**5%**Location**: Cambridge, Massachusetts

**Brown University, Graduate School**

Brown University is known for its flexible yet rigorous approach to education that gives students the intellectual freedom to apply creative thinking to their work. Its PhD in Math program encourages close student-faculty relationships and collaboration. This program doesn’t ask for GRE scores or foreign language courses for international students.

**Courses**: Complex functions, topology, and algebraic geometry.**Duration**: 2-5 years**Delivery**: On-campus**Tuition**: $7,835 per course**Financial aid**: Fellowships and teaching assistantships**Acceptance rate:**7.7%**Location**: Providence, Rhode Island

**The University of Pennsylvania, School of Arts & Sciences**

UPenn is a world-renowned university that boasts the first medical school in the country. It has a very active mathematics department committed to serious research, and its faculty includes recognized figures from the mathematics community. In its doctorate in mathematics program, students can take courses from other departments in the university. Full-tuition scholarships for all five years of the program are available.

- Courses: Geometry-topology, mathematical physics, and combinatorics.
- Duration: 5 years
- Delivery: On-campus
- Tuition: Full funding
- Financial aid: Fellowships, teaching assistantships, and scholarships.
- Acceptance rate: 9%
- Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

**Rochester Institute of Technology, School of Mathematical Sciences**

The School of Mathematical Sciences at RIT is world-renowned for mathematical and statistical research. It focuses on creative approaches to solving real-world problems using mathematical and statistical knowledge. Its doctorate degree in mathematics is the country’s first mathematical modeling PhD and offers five concentrations, including Biomedical mathematics, applied inverse problems, and dynamical systems & fluid dynamics.

**Courses**: Numerical analysis, mathematical modeling, and high-performance computing for mathematical modeling.**Credits**: 60 minimum**Duration**: 7 years maximum**Delivery**: On-campus**Tuition**: Refer tuition page**Financial aid**: Scholarships and graduate assistantships**Acceptance rate**: 73.9%**Location**: Rochester, New York

**Princeton University, The Graduate School**

**Ph.D. Applied and Computational Math**

Princeton University is one of the world’s most famous universities, scoring the top ranking in the US News & World Report’s Best Universities list for 2022. Its PhD program in Applied and Computational Math is flexible with few central requirements: students can work with their advisers to build their own program.

**Courses**: Differential equations, numerical algorithms, and applied dynamical systems.**Credits**: 12 hours/semester**Duration**: 4 years**Delivery**: On-campus**Tuition**: $56,010 per year**Financial aid**: Fellowships, research/teaching assistantships, loans, grants, and federal work-study.**Acceptance rate**: 5.6%**Location**: Princeton, New Jersey

**The University of Arizona, Department of Mathematics**

The University of Arizona is well-known for its contributions to scientific research. Its PhD in Applied Mathematics is an interdisciplinary program that emphasizes mathematical modeling and computer simulation. The teaching staff is drawn from various disciplines, including engineering, computing, social, and biological sciences.

**Courses**: Real analysis, algebra, and topology-geometry.**Units**: 47**Duration**: 5 years**Delivery**: On-campus**Tuition**: $13,400 per year**Financial aid**: Teaching assistantships, research assistantships, fellowships, and grants.**Acceptance rate:**85%**Location**: Tucson, Arizona

**Portland State University, Fariborz Maseeh Department of Mathematics & Statistics**

PSU’s innovative Mathematics Department has a joint research project with Ohio University to make the theoretical science of math more relevant and practical. Its PhD program focuses on mathematics and statistics, with separate primary and secondary-level courses in both subjects.

**Courses**: Mathematics, statistics, and mathematical/statistical literature problems.**Credits**: 81 minimum**Delivery**: On-campus**Tuition**: $509 per credit**Financial aid**: Scholarships, fellowships, research assistantships, teaching assistantships, and veteran benefits.**Acceptance rate**: 95.2%**Location**: Portland, Oregon

**Rice University, Wiess School of Natural Sciences**

**Ph.D. in Computational and Applied Mathematics**

Rice University works closely with many prominent research, education, and science institutions in Houston, translating into exciting student opportunities. Its Computational and Applied Mathematics department only accepts 5-9 students into its PhD program, assuring a low student-faculty ratio. The program allows students to conduct high-impact research with the help of professors from diverse fields such as energy, mathematical biology, healthcare delivery, and sustainability.

**Courses**: Advanced numerical analysis, computational science, and modeling mathematical physics.**Duration**: 4-6 years**Delivery**: On-campus**Tuition**: $2,893 per credit**Financial aid**: Scholarships, fellowships, teaching assistantships, and loans.**Acceptance rate**: 10.9%**Location**: Houston, Texas

**Florida Institute of Technology**

Florida Institute of Technology is the only independent technological university in the Southeast. It is a private institution encouraging a hands-on approach to students’ learning. This PhD is one of the only 30 Applied Mathematics programs in the country and accommodates a wide range of specializations, including non-linear analysis, scientific computing, and optimization. The highly flexible program also allows students to choose their research areas.

**Courses**: Partial differential equations, real analysis, and numerical methods for partial differential equations.**Credits**: 72 post-bachelor’s or 42 post-master’s**Delivery**: On-campus**Tuition**: $1,241 per credit**Financial aid:**Scholarships, grants, awards, loans, graduate assistantships, and veteran benefits.**Acceptance rate:**70.4%**Location**: Melbourne, Florida

**What Do You Need to Get a PhD in Mathematics?**

Exact entry requirements vary from program to program, but often you’ll need a master’s in a related field as a basic prerequisite. Some programs will accept graduates with a bachelor’s degree in mathematics or a related subject, though you’ll probably need to complete extra credit hours compared to students with a master’s.

You’ll need to submit an application, typically involving a research proposal and/or personal statement, academic resume, and letters of recommendation. You may need to present GRE scores, but these aren’t required for every program.

Equally, the requirements to earn your doctorate will depend on the specific program, though there are several commonalities. Most PhD in mathematics programs include:

- Coursework
- Seminars
- Qualifying examinations and a final exam
- Teaching hours
- A research dissertation

If you want to prepare thoroughly for a math PhD program, it can be helpful to:

**Study qualifying exam subjects**such as real analysis and algebra- Working with proof of
**math problems** - Participate in u
**ndergraduate research experience**programs - Build your
**network**and identify**mentors**

**What to Consider When Choosing a Mathematics PhD Program**

With so many strong math PhD programs on offer, it can be hard to know which is the right program for you.

While this is a very individual decision, here are some key factors to consider:

- Courses, specializations, and concentrations
- Funding options
- School and faculty reputation
- Location
- Mode of delivery: online, on-campus, or hybrid

**Why Get a Doctorate in Mathematics?**

Today’s world desperately needs data in every field to improve and grow. So, mathematics is now highly relevant across many fields. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates impressive job growth of 33% for mathematicians and statisticians from 2020 to 2030.

A PhD in mathematics equips you with a range of skills, including critical and analytical evaluation, logical reasoning, mathematical solutions for real-life issues, verbal and written communication skills, and dedication.

According to the American Mathematical Society, the number of math PhD graduates has been increasing steadily over the last two decades, and is currently around 2,000 a year. In total, there have been more than 30,000 PhD graduates in mathematics over the last two decades.

**Common Jobs for Doctor of Mathematics Grads**

With a doctorate in mathematics, you may work in various roles, including:

- Assistant Professor ($61,252 average annual salary)
- Professor ($88,951)
- Data Scientist ($97,358)
- Mathematician ($70,920)
- Postdoctoral Research Associate ($51,968)

**Key Takeaways**

The best PhD mathematics programs are offered by renowned universities across the country, including the most prestigious schools. While some are expensive, various funding options and even fully-funded Mathematics doctorate programs offer some relief.

If you have a real taste for the subject, a PhD in mathematics can take your career to unimaginable heights. It will also let you build high-level skills and in-depth knowledge that could make you a leader in your field.

If you’ve found this guide useful, take a look at our posts on the best online Master’s in Mathematics programs, the top online PhD programs, and the highest-paying PhDs.

**PhD in Mathematics FAQs**

**How Long is a PhD in Mathematics?**

A PhD in Mathematics may take 3-7 years to complete, depending on program requirements. If you have a master’s degree, the program will likely be shorter in duration.

**How Much Does a Math PhD Cost?**

A math PhD costs anywhere from $13,000 to $45,000 per year, including tuition and other fees, based on various factors. You can also find fully funded PhD programs in Math, including from some of the most prestigious schools in the country.

**Are Math PhDs in Demand?**

A PhD in math is a qualification that has always had a demand in the academic world. With the increasing importance of mathematical principles and concepts in emerging technologies and disciplines, we’re also seeing a range of opportunities for mathematicians in other fields.

**Is a PhD in Mathematics Difficult?**

Mathematics is an abstract and mostly theoretical subject. Therefore, it’s best to have a certain degree of flair, or at least interest in the subject, otherwise, you may struggle. However, anyone can excel in a math PhD program with a little dedication and hard work.

**What Do I Need to be Eligible for a PhD in Mathematics?**

At a minimum, you’ll need a bachelor’s in math or another STEM field. However, some programs require a master’s or at least an honors undergraduate qualification.

Lisa is a full-time writer specializing in career advice, further education, and personal development. She works from all over the world, and when not writing you'll find her hiking, practicing yoga, or enjoying a glass of Malbec.